Is carbon dating used to measure the age of rocks
Canopy - the layer of covering in a forest made up of tree crowns, from the top of the tallest tree in a forest or the top of the shortest tree in a forest this is known as the canopy.The canopy can be described in three layers, upper, middle and lower Carrying Capacity - the maximum number of individuals of a wildlife species an area can support during the most unfavorable time of the year Chain - a unit of measure used by foresters and surveyors that equals 66 feet Chambered Pith- a pith that is divided into empty chambers by cross partitions Channel - a natural stream that conveys water; or a ditch excavated for the flow of water Check Dam - a small dam constructed in a gully or other small watercourse to decrease the stream flow velocity, minimize channel scour and promote deposition of sediment Chip-n-saw - a mill process that allows small diameter trees 7 to 10 inches, DBH, to be converted into lumber and into chips for pulp and paper manufacturing Chlorophyll - the green pigment of plant cells, which is the receptor of light energy in photosynthesis Clearcut - a method of harvest or a silvicultural system, where all the trees are removed and involves the replanting or natural regeneration of species leading to the establishment of an even-aged stand.Borrow Pit - that area, usually adjacent and parallel to a road, from which soil is removed to build up the road bed Bottom Lands - a term often used to define lowlands adjacent to streams and rivers Broad-Based Dip - a surface drainage structure specifically designed to drain water from an access road while allowing vehicles to maintain normal travel speeds Buck - to saw felled trees into predetermined lengths Bucking - the process of cutting a tree into shorter lengths Buffer Strip - a narrow piece of land bordering an area such as a stream or road with forestry practices that are different from adjacent areas Bunching - grouping of trees or logs together to form a load before being transported Bundle Scar - a small scar in a leaf scar left by a vascular bundle Back to Top Cambium - a layer of cells located inside the bark between the xylem (wood) and phloem (inner bark) Caliche soil - is a hardened mineral of calcium carbonate.
growing and tending) forest crops, based on a knowledge of silvics; and more particularly, the theory and practice of controlling the establishment, composition, constitution and growth of forests (Society of American Foresters Interpretation, Simple Leaf - a leaf of one piece; not compound Site Index - a measure of site quality based on the height of the dominant and codominant trees of the stand at a specified age (usually 25 or 50 years) Site Preparation - any treatment of a forest site to get it ready for planting, direct seeding, or natural regeneration such as clearing, chemical vegetation control, burning, disking, bedding, windrowing, or raking Skid Trail - a route over which logs are moved to a landing or road Slope - degree of deviation of a surface from the horizontal, measured as a numerical ratio, percent, or in degrees.Common sale methods are (1) Lump sum- a specified area or volume of standing trees is sold for a cash price before cutting and (2) Unit Sale- the buyer pays a specified amount for each unit of timber cut T. (2.) A drainage ditch which drains water away from roads Back to Top Uneven-aged Management- management of forests in such a way as to get a spread of age classes ranging from small seedlings to mature trees Upland- higher ground of a region; elevated above other land Back to Top Valvate - Meeting at the edges and not overlapping, as in bud scales Back to Top Waste - materials and substances discarded as worthless to the user Water Bar - the portion of a dirt road where the soil is formed as a raised bar across the road that diverts surface water runoff and prevents soil erosion Water Body - an area of standing water with relatively little or slow movement (ponds, lakes, bays) Water Course - a definite channel with bed and banks within which concentrated water flows continuously or intermittently Water Pollution - contamination or other alteration of the physical, chemical or biological properties of any natural waters of the state, or other such discharge of any liquid, gaseous or solid substance into any waters of the state, as well, or is likely to create a nuisance or render such waters harmful or detrimental or injurious to public health, safety or welfare, or to domestic, commercial, industrial, agricultural, recreational, or other legitimate beneficial uses, or to livestock, wild animals, birds, fish or other aquatic life (EPA definition) Water Quality - a term used to describe the chemical, physical, and biological characteristics of water, usually in respect to its suitability for a particular purpose Water Quality Standards - texas Water Quality Standards and criteria contained therein Watershed Area - all land and water within the confines of a drainage divide or a water problem area consisting in whole, or in part, of land needing drainage or irrigation Waterway - a way or channel for water or the movement of water Wetlands - the U. Wildfire Control - actions taken to contain and suppress uncontrolled fires Wildfires - uncontrolled fires occurring in forestland, brushland, and grassland Windrow - slash, residue, and debris raked into piles or rows Wing Ditch - a water turnout or diversion ditch constructed to move and disperse water away from the road and side ditches into adjacent undisturbed areas so that the volume and velocity of water is reduced on slopes Back to Top Xylem - the water conducting tissue found in woody plants.Thomas & Hutton Columbia, United States Thomas & Hutton is a growing, well-established civil engineering firm providing consulting services throughout the southeast.Abiotic - a non-living factor or element found in an environment Absentee Landowner - landowners who do not live in the county in which their land is located Access Road - a temporary or permanent access route for vehicles into forestland Acidic Soils - Soils whose p H is less than 7 Acre - a unit of land measurement that contains 43,560 square feet.Sometimes expressed as 10 square chains Afforestation - the establishment of trees on an area that was not forested before Alien Species- species that do not originate in the area or region from which they are found growing; also known as introduced, non-native or exotic species Alkaline Soils - Soils whose p H is greater than 7 All-aged Stand (Uneven-aged) - a stand of trees with three or more different age classes Alternate- leaves or branches that are arranged alternate one another; not opposite Angiosperm - flowering plants; “enclosed seeds” in a flower Annuals - plants that live or grow for only one year or one growing season Apical Meristem - A meristem at the tip of a plant shoot or root that causes the shoot or root to increase in length.